5 Benefits of Using a Mastering DAW
A mastering digital audio workstation (DAW) is built specifically for streamlining the process of mastering EPs and albums; it contains features that general purpose DAWs lack. We’ll be taking a look at Steinberg’s WaveLab Pro 10, which is one of the most popular mastering DAWs amongst mastering engineers, and investigating 5 benefits of using a mastering DAW.
Do You Need a Mastering DAW?
For mastering singles that you plan to release through streaming services, the DAW that you write music in is probably sufficient enough to meet your needs. However, if you work as a mastering engineer, or plan to work as a mastering engineer in the future, purchasing a dedicated mastering DAW is something to consider.
In general, a mastering DAW is going to increase the speed at which you’re capable of producing masters. The less time you need to spend mastering, the more masters you can get done. Many engineers charge a flat mastering fee instead of billing by the hour; what more incentive do you need to streamline your mastering workflow?
1. Loudness Level Matching
If you’ve ever tried to master more than one song in an Ableton Live or Logic Pro X session, you’re familiar with how chaotic the process is. Trying to hit target LUFS values across multiple tracks is a nightmare; tweaking the settings of all your compressors and limiters is extremely time consuming.
Mastering an EP is doable within a basic DAW, but when you’re working on an album containing 12-20+ songs, you’ll end up wasting hours dealing with LUFS levels. Wavelab Pro 10 provides a solution to this problem with its Loudness Meta Normalizer feature. It matches the loudness of all your clips to either the loudest clip you’ve selected, or a target LUFS value.
Currently, Apple Music with Soundcheck on plays back tracks at -16 LUFS. Amazon Music, Spotify, and Tidal play back songs at -14 LUFS, and YouTube plays back audio at -13 LUFS. Songs above these values are attenuated, making it pointless to make songs loud for the sake of being loud.
There's definitely something to be said about heavily compressing a song as a stylistic choice, but that's another discussion altogether. Being able to quickly bounce masters with different LUFS values is invaluable when mastering, especially when optimizing songs for various streaming services.
2. Clip Processing
Almost any DAW is going to allow you to apply plugins to tracks, but not every DAW allows you to apply plugins to clips. While mastering, this is a particularly important ability to have. It’s quite common to process the chorus or drop in a song differently than the verses or buildups.
It’s possible to toggle plugins on and off at different points in a song, using Ableton or Logic, but this can be rather time consuming. If you split a track into different clips consisting of the intro, verses, pre-choruses, and choruses, you can copy and paste processing to them with very little fuss.
For damaged recordings that require restoration, Wavelab Pro 10 allows you to highlight a clip and instantly open it in an external audio editor like iZotope RX. When you save the RX session, the file is instantly updated in Wavelab. While mastering, this level of accessible power is tremendous.
3. Reference Track Handling
Reference tracks are a brand new feature in Wavelab Pro 10 that allow you to hear how your songs stack up against commercial releases. They allow you to seamlessly toggle between your material and a reference without the introduction of pops, clicks, or other artifacts.
For mastering singles, ADPTR AUDIO’s Metric AB plugin handles reference tracks phenomenally. It allows you to load up a reference track, level match it with your source material, and analyze both tracks through dual or layered mastering meter displays.
If you’re mastering for a format like CD, it’s important that you line up your tracks in a linear fashion to get a sense of how they’ll play into one another; this is where Wavelab’s reference tracks become extremely useful.
Metric AB becomes somewhat tedious to use when you’re dealing with multiple tracks. When you switch between reference tracks within the plugin, you need to re-match loudness levels. Wavelab’s reference tracks allow you to line up as many references as you need and level match every track in your session at once with the Meta Normalizer.
4. Metadata Editing
As a mastering engineer, one of the things you’re responsible for is editing a song’s metadata, which describes and gives information about the song. This includes everything from the song’s name, the song’s artist(s), the album title, and even the record label the song is being released through.
You can add a very limited amount of metadata to a song through iTunes, but a mastering DAW allows you to edit metadata in depth. It’s possible to add things like the mastering engineer’s name, the software used to master the song, the entity that commissioned the work, ISRC codes, as well as the intended destination format.
Streaming services like Spotify rely on metadata to credit performers, songwriters, and producers. For example, “Sunflower - Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse” is performed by Post Malone and Swae Lee, but has 6 different songwriters and 2 different producers credited on it. Ensuring that all of a song’s metadata is filled out will guarantee that all parties involved with the creation of a song are credited properly.
Metadata is often entered manually when uploading a song through a music distributor like Distrokid. In some cases, you may fill out the metadata fields yourself when uploading, and in other situations, someone else may do it. Making sure your masters include the correct metadata improves the chances that the person uploading the song to streaming services inputs the correct information; they can copy and paste the metadata directly from the master to the music distributor's website.
5. DDP Image Creation
Disc Description Protocol (DDP) is an error-protected delivery format that is used to send information about songs to CD and DVD manufacturers. A DDP image contains information regarding track numbers, CD-time, song duration, song titles, performers, songwriters, composers, arrangers, and ISRC codes.
It’s not possible to edit a DDP image once it’s been created, which ensures that your CDs and DVDs end up with the right information on them. When you’re manufacturing 100,000 copies of a CD or DVD, as a manufacturer, you don’t want an employee screwing up the track info; this is a huge expense. Pulling information directly from a DDP image helps prevent manufacturing errors.
Wavelab Pro 10 includes a DDP Player that your clients can download for free; it allows them to double-check the contents of DDP images before you submit them to a CD or DVD manufacturer. Steinberg’s DDP Player includes a peak meter and RMS meter, and is fully supported on both PC and Mac.
Download Steinberg's DDP Player for free and check it out for yourself.
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